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Franciscan provinces with their custodies and convents (c. 1350)

The following provisional list of Franciscan provinces with custodies and convents c. 1350 is predominantly based on: L. Lemmens, Niedersächsische Franziskanerklöster im Mittelalter (Hildesheim, 1896); G. Golubovich, ‘Le province dell’Ordine minoritico nei secoli XIII e XIV in Europa e nell’Oriente francescano’ in: Bio-bibliografica della Terra Santa e dell’Oriente francescano II (Florence-Quaracchi, 1913), 214-274; Annales Minorum Prussicorum, ed. L. Lemmens, AFH 6 (1913), 702-704; John R.H. Moorman, Medieval Franciscan Houses, Franciscan Institute Publications, History Series, 4 (New York, 1983); Paulinus Minorita, Provinciale Ordinis Fratrum Minorum, MS Rome, Vat.Lat. 1960 & Provinciale Ordinis Fratrum Minorum vetustissimum Secundum Codicem Vaticanum Nr. 1960, ed. C. Eubel (Quaracchi, 1892); A.G. Little, 'List of Custodies and Houses in the Franciscan Province of England', in: Idem, Franciscan Papers, Lists, and Documents (Manchester, 1943), 217-229; Jacques Fodéré, Narration historique et topographique des convents de l’Ordre Saint-François et monastères Sainte-Claire erigez en la province anciennement appellée de Bourgogne, à present de Saint-Bonaventure (Lyons, 1619); Antoine de Sérent, ‘Géographie de la Province de France, 1217-1792’, La France Franciscaine 1 (1912), 91-135; B.K. Panagopulos, Cistercian and Mendicant Monasteries in Medieval Greece (Chicago, 1979); Roland Pieper, Die Kirchen der Bettelorden in Westfalen. Baukunst im Spannungsfeld zwischen Landespolitik, Stadt und Orden im 13. Und frühen 14. Jahrhundert, Franziskanische Forschungen 39 (Werl, 1993); A. Gwynn & R.N. Hadcock, Medieval Religious Houses. Ireland (London, 1970); D. Knowles & R.N. Hadcock, Medieval Religious Houses. England and Wales (London, 1971); R. Rusconi, ‘L’espansione del francescanesimo femminile nel sec. XIII’, in: Movimento religioso femminile e francescanesimo nel xiii secolo. Atti del VII Convegno della Società internazionale di Studi francescani (Assisi, 1980), 263-313 (also shows to what extent houses of female penitents etc came into existence independent from Franciscan initiatives, even though many of these houses, at one point or another, adopted a Franciscan tertiary rule).


Apparently, the male branch of the Franciscan order had c. 1130 convents in 1263; 1316 convents in 1316; 1376 convents in 1334 [the date of Paulinus’ Provinciale Ordinis]; 1437 convents in 1390 [according to the listings in De Conformitate of Bartholomew of Pisa]; and 1450 convents arounc 1400. On the female branches of the order, see especially the works of Foderé, Golubovich and Rusconi mentioned above. It would seem that, around 1316, almost 100 years after the foundation of the first female Franciscan settlement, there existed at least around 300 female settlements, of which 198 in the Italian peninsula, ca. 40 in the German lands, and 47 in France.

The following listing of provinces of convents, ‘carceri’ and other houses of the first order is under construction, especially with regard to the chronology of individual convents. Convents of a particular province that I have not yet been able to place within a particular custody are listed within square brackets before the listing of respective custodies with their convents. In the future, I hope to complete this list for the later medieval period, and to add an overview of Observant foundations from the later fourteenth century onwards, as well as a list of female religious houses and foundations of tertiaries.


1. Province of St. Francis (also known as the Umbrian province)

2. Province of the Marches of Ancona

3. Province of Rome

4. Province of Tuscany

5. Province of Bologna

6. Province of St. Anthony or the Marchia Tarvisina

7. Province of Milan

8. Province of Genoa

9. Province of Dalmatia or Sclavonia

10. Province of Terra di lavoro

11. Province of Penna

12. Province of St. Angelo

13. Province of Apulia

14. Province of Calabria

15. Province of Sicily

16. Province of Romania

17. Province of the Holy Land

18. Province of Santiago (St. Jacob)

19. Province of Castile

20. Province of Aragon

21. Province of Aquitaine

22. Province of Provence

23. Province of Burgundy

24. Province of Touraine

25. Province of France

26. Province of England

27. Province of Ireland

28. Province of Dacia

29. Province of Cologne

30. Province of Strassburg or Argentina, also known as Upper Germany

31. Province of Saxony

32. Province of Austria

33. Province of Bohemia

34. Province of Hungary

Vicariate of Sardinia

Vicariate of Corsica

Vicariate of Scotland

Vicariate of Bosnia

Vicariate of Aquilonis (Tartaria Aquilonaris)

Vicariate of Russia

Vicariate of the Orient

Vicariate of Tartaria or Cathay







1. Province of St. Francis (also known as the Umbrian province)

Custody of Assisi

Assisi (Assisium). Large church and convent built after the death of Francis to house the saint’s body. The buildings consisted of a lower church for the use of the friars and an upper church for the use of the laity, as well as a large convent house for a large number of friars.

Porziuncula (Portiuncula). Centre of the life of the friars during the lifetime of Francis of Assisi. From 1230 onwards, the friars began to build conventual buildings to replace the initial settlement. In 1415, the convent was taken over by the Observants.

Subasio (Locus Carceris). Was already occupied by Franciscan friars in Francis’ own lifetime. One of the first places to become Observant in 1373.

S. Clara (Assisi, S. Chiara). Used by Clarisses from 1260 onwards. This Clariss convent included a small community of friars to care for the sisters’ spiritual needs.

Spello (Spellum).Founded in 1253, when the Church of St. Andrew was given to the friars by the Bishop of Spoleto

Bettona (Bictonium). Founded in 1266 on the basis of an oratory where the nody of St, Crispold was buried. It became Observant in 1415.

Bastia (Insula). Founded in the thirteenth century. Conrad of Offida died there in 1306.

S. Damiano (S. Damianus). Important place in the lifetimes of Francis and first house of Clare and her sisters. After the Clarisses left it, it became a small Franciscan convent. Ca. 1380 it became Observant.

Rocchiciola (Rocheciola). Founded before 1343.


Custody of Perugia

Agello (Agellum). Early foundation. Friar Elias said to have lived there.

Perugia (Perusius). Probably founded during Francis’s lifetime. In 1236 the friars were given the Church of S. Maria de Presso. In the 1250s funds were assembled and a new convent built: San Francesco al Prato or Campo dell’Orto. Later is became known as San Francesco di Porta Subxanna.

Perugia al Monte (Locus Montis Perusini). Convent in the hills outside Perugia. Founded in the house where Gils of Assisi had spent many years of his life. Founded as a convent in 1276. In 1368 it was given to Paul dei Trnci as a strict house. Ca. 1440 Bernardinus of siena founded in it a school of theology., which soon acquired a large library [See: M.G. Bistoni, `La Biblioteca di Monteripido’, AFH, 66, pp. 78-404 and 68, pp. 111-196]

Farneto (Farnetum). Allegedly founded in 1218, when Francis would have accepted the church of S. Maria de Farneto from some Benedictine monks. Later it became Observant.

Civitella di Benezone (Civitella). Already founded before 1297.

Preggio (Castrum Praedium/Pregium). Founded before 1291.

Isola di Lago Trasimene/Passignano (Insula Laci). Would have been founded on the island in lake Trasimene where Francis spent some time. First mentioned in listings of 1343.

Agello Corciano (Corcianum). Mentioned for 1323.

Cibotolla (Cibictolum). Mentioned by Wadding for 1291. Known to exist in 1297. Became Observant in 1480.

Marsiano (Marsianum). First mentioned in 1291.

Diruta (Dirutum) >?

Monte di Giove/Montegiove (near Todi) (Mons Iovis). One of the houses were friars were given permission by pope Gregory XI in 1373 to live in strict observance of the rule.

Monte Lucido/Monteluce(Locus Montis Lucidi). Fonded before 1343.

S. Maria degli Angeli (S. Maria de Angelis).>


Custody of Città di Castello

Città di Castello/Buonriposo (Castellum/Tifernum). House founded in 1230 by the minister general, with help of a local judge who joined the order. House reformed in 1440 by Bernardinus of Siena on request of pope Eugenius IV.

Borgo San Sepolcro (Burgum). Founded in 1258 by Orlando de Detegnardi. Later it became Observant.

Citerna (Citerna). First mentioned in 1291. In 1319 the friars were given permission to move to a better place (the old convent had burned down). The old convent was used for some time by the Clareni and aventually became Observant.

Cerbarolo (Cerbarolum). House fonded before 1343. Later it became Observant.

Montone (Montonium). Would have been given to the friars in 1308.

Fratta (Fracta).> Is this not a confusion with Fratta in the custody if Forlì, province of Bologna?

Monte Casale (Locus Montis Casalis). Convent in any case founded before 1343. Then the friars had a new convent there and already had left the old hermitage where they first lived (that became a place for TOF)


Custody of Todi

Todi (Tudertum). Friars present before ca. 1250. In 1254 they exchanged the church of S. Angelo de Fontanellis for the church of S. Fortunato. They built a new church in 1292.

Aquasparta (Aquasparta). Mentioned already in 1290.

Alviano (S. Illuminata). Founded before 1291

Amelia (Amelia). Founded in the thirteenth century. Mentioned for the year 1287. In 1362 the convent had nine friars

Lugnano (Lugnanum). Founded in 1229. Became Observant.

Romita Arnolfo (Heremita). Established before 1291.

Pantalla/Pantanelli (Pantanellum). Maybe founded by Francis. Known to exist in 1235. Later became Observant.

Moncione (Montio (?)) >>?

Canale (Canallis (?)). Founded before 1343.


Custody of Gubbio

Gubbio (Eugubium). There existed already a Franciscan settlement during Francis’s days. Friars moved to a new church of St. Francis in 1240. The Clarisses took over the old one (the S. maria della Vittoria).

Gualdo/Gualdo Tadino (Gualdus). House founded in 1241 and moved to another site in 1283.

Nocera (Nucerium). First convent probably already in the thirteenth century. Friars receivd permission to move to a new site after their old convent had been burnt and destroyed by armed hostilities.

Costacciaro (Collestaciarium). Founded before 1296 and maybe as early as 1254.

Capraja/Caprignone (Caprinonum/Capraia). House menstioned for 1291 by Wadding. Did in any case exist before 1343.


Custody of Narni

Narni (Narnia). Founded before 1328. For some time a centre for the spiritual faction.

Terni (Interamnis). Founded in 1265.

S. Gemino (S. Geminus).>>>?

Castel del Lago (Aronis). Founded before 1291.

Stroncone (Strunconis). Possibly founded in the early years of the order. Mentioned in 1291. One of the small houses given to Paul dei’Trinci in 1373, and hence it became an Observant house.

Calvi (Carvium). Mentioned for 1291.

Piediluco (Pedislucus). Founded before 1343.


Custody of Spoleto or Vallis

Spoleto (Spoletum). Founded their fisrt convent before 1226, after living for some time near a church provided by the Benedictines of Sassovivo.

Foligno (Fulgineum). Might have been established in the times of Francis. Mentioned in 1256

Trevi (Trevium). Founded before 1285.

Giano (Ianum). Founded before 1343. In 1373 it was handed over to Paul dei’ Trinci. Does not, however, figure in later lists of Observant houses.

Montefalcone (Mons Falcone). Founded before 1275. Then, an indulgence was given to those who helped building the (new?) church. In 1336 the community moved into town.

Bevagna (Mevanium). Founded before 1291.

Broligiano (Pistia). >>?

Monte Luco (Locus de Monte Luco prope Spoletum). Would have been founded in 1218.


Custody of Montani

Amatrice (Amatrice). Founded/in existence ca. 1291.

Monte San Martino (Mons S. Martini). Founded before 1291.

Arquata (Arquatum). Founded in 1251.

Cerreto (Ceretum). Mentioned by Wadding for the year 1291.

Cascia (Cassia). Founded before 1247

Visso (Vissum/de Jusso). Founded before 1291. Attemps to make it into an Observant house in 1427. Does not appear on later Observant listings.

Norcia (Nursia). First settlement in 1265, but friars forced to leave by the Benedictines. However, establishment secured by papal support. Friars able to receive the church of St. Bartholomew.

Vallo (Vallis/Castrivallis). Founded in 1273.


Custody of Regnum

Monteleone (Monteleone). Founded before 1291.

Posta (Laposta). Apparently founded in 1222.

Occosce (Occosium). Founded before 1291 [according to Moorman part of the custody of Gubbio]

Monticelli (Monticellum). Founded before 1291.

Leonessa (Gonissa). Founded ca. 1281.

Accumulo (Accumulum), founded before 1291 in a restored church of St. Mary, donated to the friars by the town.

Ospitale San Lazaro (Hospitale). Founded before 1290.

S. Maria Maddalena (Locus S. Marie Magdalene). Founded before 1343.

Monte Reale (Locus Montisrealis). Founded before 1291.

Civita Reale (Locus Civitatis Regalis)>>? Must have been founded before 1343


2. Province of the Marches of Ancona

Custody of Ascoli

Ascoli-Piceno (Esculum). Founded before 1237. New site and new church built after 1257-8. Nother new site in 1373.

Offida (Ofida). Founde before 1247.

Ripatransone (Ripatransonis). Founded before 1247. Church built in 1291.

Poggio Canoso (Plegium). Founded before 1343.

Montefiore (Mons Florum). Early foundation. Rebuilding was taking place in 1247.

Acquaviva (Aquaviva). Founded in 1212? Mentioned in 1260 and later

Montalto (Monsaltus). Early foundation . Evidence that friars moved to a new site in 1235.

Santa Victoria (S. Victoria). Thirteenth century foundation. Church built in 1279.

Montefalcone (Mons Falconis). Founded in 1215. Became Observant.

Cossignano (Cosinianum). Founded before 1254.

Castignano (Castello). Founded before 1255.

Force (Furche). Founded in 1276.

Venarotta (Venarupta). Founded before 1343.

Appignano (Locus de Pignano). Probably founded as early as 1215. In any case existing in 1279.


Custody of Camerino

Camerino (Camerinum). Early foundation. Mentioned in sources in the 1240s and after.

San Severino (S. Severinus). Thirteenth century foundation.

Tolentino (Tolentinum). Founded before 1343.

Macerata (Macerata). House founded before 1241.

Civitanova Marche (Civitas Nova). Founded before 1229.

Montesanto (Mons Sanctus). Founded before 1343. Was handed over to Paolo de'Trinci in 1390, but there apparently was no Observant house there in 1463.

Monte Lupone (Mons Luponis). Founded first half thirteenth century.
Ponte la Trave (Pons Trabis). Founded in 1215.

Serrapetrona (Serra). Founded before 1322.

Muro (Murrum). >>

Piorago (Ploracum). Founded before 1289 and pobably even before 1226

Monte Melone (Mons Milonis). Founded ca. 1300.


Custody of Ancona

Ancona (Ancone). Two houses. First house probably founded by Francis in 1219. Friars had moved to the city itself by 1294 (S. Francesco delle Scale), but old house also was kept, at least until 1430, even when the friars actually abandoned it in 1385 after a conflict with the Dominicans in Ancona. Became Observant house in 1455 (which one?). In 1436 a citizen of Ancona donated to the friars the chapel of the Blessed Virgin in the Church of S. Maria Maggiore

Osimo (Hauximus). Founded in the first half of the thirteenth century.

Recanati (Racanetum). Founded ca. 1250.

Cingoli (Cingulum). Founded before 1244.

Montecchio (Monticulum). Founded before 1242. Friars received a more permanent house shortly afterwards.

Forano (Foranum). Two houses (one of them outside the town), probably founded in Francis' own life time. One of these houses later became Observant.

Tornasano (Tornasanum). Founded before 1292.

Castrignano (Castris Milii). Founded before 1292. It later became Observant.

Castelfidardo (Castrisfitardi/Castrissicardi). Founded before 1292. New foundation in 1445.

Camerano (Camuranum)>>

Sirolo (Cirolum). Founded before 1343.


Custody of Iesi

Iesi (Esium). Founded before 1238. Friare moved into town in 1440, leaving only one friar in the old place to look after it.

Fabriano (Fabrianum). Probably founded before 1215. After 1263 the friars moved into town, s they were continuously harrassed and attacked (also or predominantly by the local clergy). Further move into the centre of the town in 1282. This convent (San Francesco alle Logge) was renowned for its library (Cf. MF, V, 180-191). Buildings enlarged thanks to donations from the citizens of the town in 1457.

Sassoferrato (Saxusferatus). Founded before 1248.

Rocca del Fluvione (Rocha). Founded before 1343.

Serra dei Conti (Sera Comitum). Founded before 1314 and maybe before 1292.

Montenovo (Monsnovus). Founded before 1292.

Sinigaglia (Senogallia). Founded before 1292.

Montalboddo (Monsbodius). Founded before 1292.

Serra San Quirico (S. Quiricus). Probably founded in 1262.

Staffolo (Stafalum). Founded before 1236.

Apiro (Pura). Founded before 1343. Fell into disuse. Restored and given to the Observants in 1477. Does not figure on later Observant listings

Matelica (Mathelica). Founded soon after 1226.


Custody of Fermo

Fermo (Firmus). Probably founded before 1240.

Sant'Elpidio (S. Elpidium). Founded before 1343. In 1450 the friars moved into town.

Monte Rubbiano (Mons Rubianus). Founded before 1247, when some rebuilding was going on.

Monte dell'Olmo (Mons Ulmi). >>

Mogliano (Mollianum). Probably founded cz. 1270. Later became Observant.

Massa (Massa). Might have been founded as early as 1215. It later became Observant.

Fallerone (Fallero). Founded before 1288.

Loro (Laurum). Founded before 1259.

Monte Ottone (Mons Actonis)>>

Penna San Giovanni (Penna S. Johannis). Probably founded before 1222. Friars moved into town in 1464.

Sant'Angelo in Pontano (S. Angelus). Founded ca. 1267.

San Genesio/Ginesio (S. Genesius). Founded in 1271, thanks to a gift of the Camaldolese monks. Enlarged in 1305. Failed attempt to found an Observant house there in 1481. (Observants later received a deserted Cistercian nunnery).

Brunforte (Brunsoricium modo Sarnano)>>

Cesapolombo (Colfanum/Rezabalumbus). Founded early in the thirteenth century. One of the first Observant founations.

Monte San Pietro (Mons S. Petri). Founded in 1270

Amandola (Amandola). Founded in 1265? Church rebuilt and consecrated in 1352

Montegranaro (M. Granarius). Founded before 1247. Problems with the Austin friars over a new site in the fifteenth century.

Monte Giorgio (Mons Georgii). Was a small Benedictine foundation. Became a Franciscan convent after 1263 after some years of Franciscan stewardship.


Custody of Fano

Fano (Fanum). Early foundation. Site enlarged in 1235.

Pesaro (Pensaurum). Founded before 1239.

Fossombrone (Forosinfronium). Founded before 1292. New house built in 1392.

Corinaldo (Corinaltum). Probably founded before 1292.

Mondavio (Monsavium). Probably founded in 1215.

Fratta/S. Vittoria (S. Victoria). Founded before 1279.

Pergola (Pergula). Early foundation. New and enlarged church was being under construction in 1277.

Saltaria (Saltaria). Founded before 1292.

Montebaroccio/Scotaneto (Mons Scutanetus). Founde, on request by the citizens of the town, in 1223. It later became Observant.

Mondaino (Mons Formisinus). Early foundation outside the town. Friars moved to a better site shortly after 1256. New church consecrated in 1310.


Custody of Feretrana (Montefeltre)

> Aqualagna>? Convent house. When founded?

Urbino (Urbinum). Founde between 1228 and 1254. Large convent built after 1286.

Cagli (Calium). Founded ca. 1263. Burned down in 1420.

Urbania (Durantum/Casterdurante). Founded before 1282. It later became Observant.

Sant'Angelo in Vado (S. Angelus in Vado). Founded before 1273.

Mercatello (Mercatellum). Founded before 1294.

Lunano (Leonanum). Founded before 1292.

Montefiore/Montefiorentino (Mons Florentinus). Founded in or before 1248.

Faggiola (Faggiola). Founded before 1343.

San Leo (S. Leo). Founded before 1292.

San Marino (S. Marinus). Maybe founded as early as 1212.

Sasso Corvaro (Saxum Corbarium). Founded before 1248.


3. Province of Rome

[> Anticulo. Came into existence as the union of the country church of S. Maria de Campanico in the vicinity of the castle of Anticulo with a hospital belonging to a fraternity of flagellants in 1451.]

Custody of Rome

Rome, two convents: S. Franciscus ad Ripam trans Tiberim & S. Maria in Aracoeli

Civita Castellana (Castellane)

Sutri (Sutrius)

Campagnano (Campagnianus)

Monte Compatri (In Monte Compatrum)


Custody of Viterbo

Viterbo (Viterbium)

Toscanella (Tuscanella)

Corneto (Cornetum)

Montalto (Monsaltus)

Montefiascone (Mons Flasconis)

Orte (Ortanum)


Custody of Orvieto

Orvieto (Urbsvetus)

Bagnorea (Balneusregium)

Acquapendente (Aquapendente). Early foundation. Friars known to have moved to a new site in 1250

Proceno (Procenum)

Pitigliano (Pitilianum)


Custody of Rieti

Rieti (Reate)

Tarrani (Tarrani)

Monteleone (Mons Leonis)

Rocca Sinibalda (Arx/Archis Sinibaldi). Possibly founded before 1236.

Longone (Longonum)

Radicaro (S. Jacobus de Radicaria)

Interdocco/Borghetto (Valintroducus)

Poggio Bastone (Podium Bastonis)

Fonte Colombo (Fons Columbe)

Greccio (Greccius)


Custody of Tivoli

Tivoli (Tiburis)

Vicovaro (Vicovarius)

Roviano (Rubianus)

Civitella (Civitatelle)

Subiaco (Sublacum)

Carsoli (Cellarum)


Custody of Velletri (or Maritima)

Velletri (Veletrum)

Albano (Albanum). Founded before 1292.

Nettuno (Notonum)

Sermoneta (Nymphe)

Sezze (Secie)

Piperno (Piperna)

Terracina (Terracene)


Custody of Campagna

Alatri (Alatrum). Founded outside the city walls after 1226. Ca. 1230 the friars moved to San Francesco di Fuori and in 1250 to the town itself. New convent erected in 1359

Anagni (Agnanie). Convent occupied between 1226 and 1231. Friars then moved to a new site (S. Francesco di fuori), where they remained until 1303. Then they moved to the town itself

Pileo (Pileum)

Ferentino (Florentinum)

Valmontone (Vallis Montonis)

Zagarolo (Locus Segaroli)

Sonnino (Somninus)


4. Province of Tuscany

Custody of Pisa

Pisa (Pisa)

Pontremoli (Pontremolum)

Vico Pisano (Vicum)


Custody of Lucca

Lucca (Luca)

Pistoja (Pistorius)

San Miniato (S. Miniatus)

Fucecchio (Ficeculum)

Pescia (Piscie)

Carmignano (Carmigranum)


Custody of Florence

Firenze (Florentia)

Prato (Pratum)

Figline (Figinum)

Borgo San Lorenzo (Burgum S. Laurencii)

Scarpara (Locus Nemoris)

Barberino (Barbarinus)

Castel Fiorentino (Locus Castri Florentini)


Custody of Siena

Siena (Senas)

Volterra (Vulteras)

S. Geminiano (S. Geminianus)

Colle (Collis)

Poggibonsi (Podium Bonici)

Asciano (Assianum)


Custody of Arezzo

Arezzo (Aretium). Founded before 1232

Alverna (Alvernia). Place used by the friars since ca. 1213. After the stigmata miracle, it became an important pilgrimage site and an important convent. Became, after long disputes, an Observant place in 1432

Cortona (Cortona)

Castiglione (Castellio)

Lucignano (Listignanum)

Poppi (Pucoium (?))

Gangareto (Gangaretum)


Custody of Chiusi

Chiusi (Clusium)

Montepulciano (Mons Politianum)

Città delle Pieve (Castris Plebis)

Cetona (Scetona)

Montalcino (Monsalcinus)

Radicofani (Radicofanum)

Piano (Planum)

Comombaro (Columbarium)

Pienza (Corcignanum)

San Quirico (S. Quiricus)

San Processo (S. Processus)

Sarteano (Sartianum)


Custody of Maritima

Massa (Massa)
Piombino (Plumbinum)

Grosseto (Gresetum)

Castiglione (Castellio)

Suvereto (Suveretum)

Montieri (Locus de Monteno)


5. Province of Bologna

Custody of Bologna

Bologna (Bononia)

S. Maria della Pugliola

S. Franciscus prope Bononiam

Lugo de Paci (Dominus Pax)

Vergnana (Vernana)

Riccardina (Ricardina)

Pianoro (Planorium)

Crespellano (Craspellanum)

Confortino (Confortinum)

Calderara (Caldararia)

Ronchi (Argellata)

San Giovanni in Persiceto (S. Joannis)


Custody of Ferrara

Ferrara (Ferraria)

Modena (Mutina)

Carpi (Carpum)

Reggio (Regium)

Montefalcone (Monsfalconis)

Fanano (Locus de Fenano)

Mirandola (Locus Admirandole)


Custody of Parma

Parma (Parma)

Borgo San Donnino (Burgus S. Donini)

Cremona (Cremona)

Piacenza (Placencia)

Bobbio (Bobbium)

Casalmaggiore (Locus Casalis maioris)


Custody of Ravenna

Fossignano (Gaufignanum)

Ravenna (Ravenna)

Faenza (Favencia)

Bagnacavallo (Banacavallum)

Lugo (Lucum)

Imola (Ymola)

Monte del Re (Mons Regis)

Tossignano (Toxinianum)

Cervia (Locus Cervie)


Custody of Forlì

S. Agata (S. Agata)

Verucchio (Veruculum)

Rimini (Arimini)

Fratta (Fracta). Established before 1328.

Sant'Arcangelo (S. Angelus)

Longiano (Lonianum)

Cesena (Cesena)

Bertinoro (Bertinorius)

Forlimpopoli (Forolivium Papilii)

Meldola (Ymaldule)

Forlì (Forolivium)

Castrocaro (Castrocarum)


6. Province of St. Anthony or the Marchia Tarvisina

[>Albona. Convent house in Istria, mentioned in 1496; > Angarono. Apparently already established in 1227. Abandoned in 1327 when buildings were handed over to the Augustinians; > Aquileia. Convent house mentioned in 1450]

Custody of Padua

Padova (Padua)

Vicenza (Vicentia)
Monselice (Mons Silicis)

Lendinara (Lendenaria)

Rovigo (Rodigium)

Pieve di Sacco (Plebs Sacci)

Bovolenta (Buvolenta)

Este (Est)

Montagnana (Locus Montignane)

San Pietro in Vimini (Locus S. Pietri de Viminaro)

Sant'Orsola (Locus S. Ursule)

Garzignano (Locus Galzignani)


Custody of Venice

Venezia> Two convents: Santa Maria ai Fari & San Nicoletto

San Francesco in Contrada (S. Franciscus in Insula)

Chioggia (Clugia)

Treviso (Tarvisium)

Conegliano (Coneglanum)

Asolo (Asillum)

Belluno (Civitas Belluni)

San Francesco alle Vigne (Locus S. Francisci de Vinea)

Feltre (Locus de Feltro)

Serravalle (Locus Seravallis)


Custody of Friuli

Friuli/Friaul (Forumjulii)

Cividale (Civitas Austrie)

Udine (Utinum)

Gemona (Clemona)

Pulcenigo (Pulcinicum)

Portogruaro (Portum Gruarii)

Castello di Porpetto (Castellum)

Gorizia/Görz (Gurita)


Custody of Verona

Verona (verona)

Mantua (Mantua)

Trento (Tridentum/Trient)

Riva (Ripa)

Cologna (Colonia)


7. Province of Milan

Custody of Milan

Milano (Mediolanum)

Lodi (Lauda)

Pozzuolo (Poculum)

Gallerate (Galerate)

Saronno (Seronum)


Custody of Monza

Monza (Modorcia/Modoetia)

Vimercate (Vicomercatum)

Oreno (Oppronum)

Desio (Decius)

Mariano (Marinianum)

Cantù (Caturium)


Custody of Brescia

Brescia (Brixia)

Bergamo (Pergamum)

Valcamonica (Valliscamonica)

Garignano (Graganum)

Iseo (Locus de Iseo)

Crema (Locus de Crema)


Custody of Como

Como (Cumae (?))

Varese (Varisium)

Lugano (Luganum)

Locarno (Locuranum)


Custody of Vercelli

Vercelli (Vercellea)

Novara (Novaria)

Ivrea (Yporegia)

Biella (Moola)

Aosta (Locus Auste). Founded either in the thirteenth or in the fourteenth century (suggestions range from the times of Francis himself to 1352)



8. Province of Genoa

Custody of Genoa

Genova/Genoa (Ianua)

Chiavari (Clavarum)

Albaro (Albarium). Founded in 1304 on land left to the friars by Gaspar Ansalius. Friars moved to new site in 1307. There a new house was built in 1308. But friars moved again in 1334. Then the hous built in 1308 became a Benedictine settlement.

Chiapetta (Clapella)

Sestri Ponente (Sextum)

Savona (Sagona)

Cairo (Carium)


Custody of Asti

Asti (Ast)

Alba (Alba). Founded in 1230. Later became Observant

Moncalvo (Mons Caluum)

Cortemiglia (Curtimilium)


Custody of Albenga

Albenga (Albegena). Said to be founded in 1226. Mentioned in 1291. Convent destroyed through fire in 1322, but rebuilt within the city with the help of the citizens.

Noli (Naulum)

Ventimiglia (Vigintimilium)

Ceva (Ceua)

Mondovi (Mons Vici)

Cuneo (Cuneum)

Fossano (Fosanum)


Custody of Piedmont

Torino (Taurinum)

Chieri (Kerium)

Moncalieri (Mons Kalerium)

Pinerolo (Penarolium)

Susa (Secusium)

Rivarolo (Riparolium)

Chivasso (Clavasium)


Custody of Monferrato

Alessandria (Alexandria)

Valenza del Po (Valentia)

Casale (Casale)

Cassine (Cassina)

Acqui (Aquis). According to Wadding founded in 1244 with the help of public financial support. Meant to house 12 friars. In any case founded before 1258

Alessandria. Mentioned as Franciscan foundation in 1268. IN 1309 dispute with Dominicans about the building of an oratory. House later transferred to the Observants.


Custody of Pavia

Pavia (Papia)

Tortona (tardona)

Voghera (Viguera)

Castelnuovo (Castris Novum)


9. Province of Dalmatia or Sclavonia

Custody of Ragusa

Durazzo (Duracium)

Dulcigno/Olcinj (Ulcinium)

Scutari (Scutarum)

Antivari (Antibarum). Founded ca. 1290 by Queen Helena of Serbia.

Cataro/Cotor (Catara)

Ragusa (Ragusium)

Daxa (Daxa)

Curzola (Locus Corçule)


Custody of Spalato (also known as Zara/Custodium Iadrensis)

Spalatro (Spaletum)

Traù (Tragurium)

Sebenigo (Sebenicum)

Skradin (Scandela/Scardona)

Bribir (Barberium)

Zara (Iadria)

Pago (Pagum)

S. Hieronymus (Locus extra Iadram/S. Hierionymus)

Pagman (Locus de Pagman)

Castelnovo prope Fiume (Locus Podnovi)


Custody of Arbe

Arbe/Rab (Arbum). Founded during the thirteenth century

Senj/Zengg (Senea)

veglia (Vegla)

Cherso (Kersum)

Modrus (Locus Modrusie)


Custody of Istria

Pola (Pola)

Parenzo (Parentum)

Pirano (Pyranum)

Capo d'Istria (Iustinopolis/Cap d'Ystria)

Trieste (Trigestum)

Muggia (Locus Muggle)

Valle (Locus Vallis)


10. Province of Terra di lavoro

[>Apice? Founded in 1222. In any case there was an Observant house there in 1453]

Custody of Naples

Napoli (Neapolis)> three convents, namely S. Laurentius, S. Maria Nova, nd S. Clara sive Corpus Christi. To this Bartholomaus adds S. Cruce, S. Maria Domine Regina, S. Maria Magdalena, S. Maria Egyptiache

Aversa (Aversa)

Capua (Capua)

Teano (Teanum)

Sessa (Suessa)

Carinola (Calenum)

Mignani (Minianum)

Nola (Nola)

Maddaloni (Matolonum)


Custody of Salerno

Salerno (Salernum)

Amalfi (Amalfie). Apparently founded in 1222.

Ravello (Ravellum)

Sorrento (Surentum)

Catellamare (Castris Maris)

Sarno (Sarnum)

Giffoni (Giffonum)

Nocera (Nucerie)


Custody of Principatus

Eboli (Ebulum)

Diano (Dyanum)

Potenza (Potentiae)

Auletta (Olete)

Agropoli (Aglobolum). According to Wadding founded in 1222 (Francis would have preached to the fish at that spot). Earliest historical info dates from 1343.

Muro (Murum)

Saponara (Saponarie)

Cuccari (Cuculum)

Montella (Mons Larum)

S. Maria

Marsico (Marsicum)


Custody of Benevento

Benevento (Veneventum)

Mirabella (Aquaputrida)

Ariano (Arianum)

Monte Sarchio (Mons Sarculi)

S. Agatha (S. Agatha)

Alife (Alifia). Founded before 1315

Montefusco (Monsfuscoli)

Avellino (Avellinum)

Cerreto (Ceretum)


Custody of St. Benedict

S. Germano (S. Germanum)

Alvito (Albetum). Founded before 1343

Vicalvi (Vicarbum)

Itri (Locus Tyri)

Trajetto (Tergetum)

Gaeta (Gageta)

Arpino (Arpinum)

Fondi (Locus de Fundis)

Sora (Sora)

Ceperano (Locus Temperani (Ceperani))

Aquino (Aquinum). Founded before 1343.

Maranola (Locus Maranule)


11. Province of Penna

Custody of Aquila

L'Aquila (Aquila). House already mentioned in Celano's Tractatus de Miraculis, and also in a bull of April 1255. Also info on a Franciscan church in 1256 and a convent in 1269. In this convent Bernardine of Siena died on 20 May 1444.

Fontecchio (Fonticulae)

Castel Vecchio (Castris Vetus)

Ofena (Ofenum)

Popoli (Paperum)

Sulmona (Sulmona)


Custody of Penne

Penne (Civitas Pennensis)

Loreto (Lauretum)

Catignano (Catenianum)

Pontarium (?)

Tocco (Tectum)

Manopello (Manupellum)

Alanno (Aladum). Founded before 1343


Custody of Chieti

Chieti (Teatina)

Pescara (Piscaria)

Francavilla (Francavilla)

Ortona (Ortona)

Lanciano (Lasanum)

Palena (Palena)

Guardiagrele (Guardia)

Buchianico (Buclanum)


Custody of Atri

Atri (Adria)

Peleni (Pellinum)

Valle San Giovanni (Vallis)

Civita Sant'Angelo (Civitas S. Angeli)

Cellino (Silurum)

Montesilvano (Mons Silvanum)


Custody of Abruzzi

S. Justa

Teramo (Teramum)

Campli (Camplum)

Civita del Tronto (Civitella)

Controguerra (Contragueram)

S. Omero (S. Cinerum/Omerum)

S. Flaviano (S. Flavianus)

Morro (Mirrum)


Custody of Marsica

Piscina (civitas Marsicanae)

Celano (Cellanum)

Avezzano (Avezzanum)

Corvara (Corbarium)

Tagliacozzo (Collacotium)

Albe (S. Petrus). Founded in 1310

Balsorano (Balsoranum)


12. Province of St. Angelo

Custody of Comitatus

Isernia (Ysernia)

Bojano (Boianum)

Venafro (Venafrum)

Agnone (Anglonum). Founded before 1343

Campobasso (Campumbassum (?))

Limosano (Limosanum)

Planitium (?)


Custody of Civitas

Civitate (Civitas)

Procina (Precina)

Guglionesi (Gulion)

Larina (Scialera)

Termoli (Termonarum)

Vasto d'Amone (Vastum (?))

Monte Odoriso (Mons Odoricis)


Custody of Monte St. Angelo

Manfredonia (Manfredonia)

Monte Gargano (S. Angelus)

Viesti (Vestae)

San Giovanni Rotondo (S. Iohannes Rotundus)

Peschici (Pesquitium)

Rodi (Rodus)

Ischitelli (Iskitellum)

Cagnano (Canianum)


Custody of Capitanata

Lucera (Lugeria)

San Severo (S. Severus)

Foggia (Foggia)

Troja (Troia)

Ascoli-Satriano (Esculum)


Casalum Novum (?)


13. Province of Apulia

[> Altamura. Friary in existence c. 1400; > Apricena. Founded before 1340]

Custody of Barletta

Barletta (Barrum/Barolum)

Andria (Andria). Founded ca. 1230, but enlarged in 1346. Was reformed after 1451

Canosa (Canusium)

Venosa (Venusium)

Melfi (Melfia)


Custody of Bari

Bari (Barum)

Bitonto (Botontum)

Bisceglie (Vigiliae/Vigiliensis) The first convent was founded by Francis of Assisi in 1222. The Observants obtained a convent there in 1478, whereas the Capuchins established one in 1606 (with thanks to Prof.Dr. Giuseppe Di Molfetta , Bari)

Trani (Tranensis)

Corato (Caurati)

Giovenazzo (Iuvenacius)

Molfetta (Locus Melficanum)


Custody of Taranto

Taranto (Tarentum)

Oria (Orea)

Ostuno (Hostunium)

Monopoli (Monopolum)

Goia (Ioa)


Custody of Brindisi

Brindisi (Brundusium)

Lecce (Licium)

Otranto (Ydrontum)

Alessano (Alexanum). Founded in 1222

Nardò (Neritona)


Custody of Matera

Matera (Matera)

Gravina (Gravina)

Monte Peloso (Monspilosus)

Tricarico (Tricaricum)


14. Province of Calabria

[> Arena. Convent founded in 1436]


Custody of Reggio

Reggio (Regium)

Seminara (Semaharia)

Gerace (Gerasium)

Nicotera (Nicoterra)

Tropeja (Tropeja)

Monte Leone (Mons Leonis)


Custody of Cotrone

Cotrone (Cotronum)

Catanzaro (Catanzarium)

Squillace (Squilacium)

Nicastro (Nicastris)


Custody of Castrovillari

Castrovillari (Castrovillarae)

S. Marco (S. Marcus)

Coriliano (Corilianum)

Scalea (Scalea)


Custody of Valle

Cosenza (Cusencia)

Bisignano (Bisinianum)

Martirano (Martoranum)

Amantea (Amantea). Might have been founded in the first half of the thirteenth century. No real information before 1343.



15. Province of Sicily

[> Angalmo. Small house founded in 1348]


Custody of Messina

Messina (Messana)

Catania (Catania)

Randazzo (Randacium)

Tauromina (Taromenium)

Patti (Pactis)


Custody of Agrigento

Girgenti (Agrigentum)

Licata (Licata)

Terranova (Eraclia)

Piazza (Platea)

Castro Giovanni (Castris Ioannis)

Naro (Locus Narii)

Castelnuovo (Locus Castris Novi)


Custody of Palermo

Palermo (Panormum)

Termine ()termis)

Cefalù (Cefaludum)

Corleone (Curilio)

Polizzi (Policium)

Castelbuono (Castrisbonus)


Custody of Trapani

Trapani (Trapanum)

Marsala (Marsana)

Salemi (Sacta)

Mazzara (Massaria)

Monte di Trapani (Mons S. Iuliani)

Alcamo (Locus Alcarii). Small house or locum founded in 1224. In 1348 the friars received permission to move to a site within the town.


Custody of Siracusa

Siracusa (Syracusa)

Lentini (Lentinum)

Noto (Notum)

Ragusa (Ratgusia)

Caltagirone (Calatagiro)


16. Province of Romania

Custody of Negroponte

Negroponte (Nigropons)

Candia (Candia)

Canea (Canea)


Custody of Thebes

Thebes/Tebas (Thiva)

Athens/Athena (Athina)

Corinth (Korinthos)


Custody of Clarence

Clarence (Clarentia)

Patras (Patras)
Andreville/Andravis (Andreuille). Founded before 1343.

Korfu (Coruus)

Kephallinia (Zefalonia)

Zante (Iacintus)

Lixuro (Locus de Saxaro)


17. Province of the Holy Land

[>Alexandria, Egypt. Five friars active in 1307, and another four in 1320. Not certain as to whether there was a fixed Franciscan settlement there.]


Custody of Nicosia (Cyprus>?)

Levkosia (Nicosia)

Famagusta (Famagusta)

Paphos (Pafum)

Naplos (Nimocium)
Limasol (Sissium/Limissium)

Cenaculum Montis Sion


Custody of Syria

Acre (Ptolemei). House founded in 1221. Residence of the custos of Syria in 1256. Convent housed a school for the province (Golubovich, I, 230). Everything destroyed in 1291. Maybe some friars stayed on.

Aleppo. Franciscan mission in 1238. Destroyed ca. 1300.

Antioch. Two houses founded in the thirteenth century. Both destroyed in 1268


18. Province of Santiago (St. Jacob)

Custody of Santiago (S. Jacob)

Alenquer (Lancariensis). According to the Chronica XXIV Generalium founde in 1218. Moved in 1222 to a better site. Became Observant house in the fifteenth century

Altamura. Founded in 1488. Transferred to the Observants in 1513

Santiago (S. Jacobus)

Pontevedra (Pons Vetus)

Coruña (Crunia)

Betanzos (Betannos)


Custody of Orense

Orense (Auria)

Villafranca (Villa Franca)

Lugo (Lucum)

Mondoñedo (Mons Regium)

Vivero (Vivarium)

Rivadavia (Ripa Evii)


Custody of León

Leon (Legionis)

Astorga (Astarium)

Oviedo (Ovetum)

Aviles (Abelesium)

Gijon (?) Tinesium


Custody of Zamora

Zamora (Zamora)

Toro (Taurus)

Benavente (Beneventus)

Mayorga (Majorica)

Villalpando (Villa Ripanda)


Custody of Salamanca

Salamanca (Salamantica)

Ciudad Rodrigo (Civitas Roderici)

Plasencia (Placencia)

Bajadoz (Placa)

Bejar (Bezera)


Custody of Coimbra

Coimbra (Climbria)

Porto (Portus)

Guimeraes (Umerionis)

Lamego (Lamecum)

Braganza (Bregantia)

Guarda (Guardia)

Commarca di Covilhan (Couilliana)


Custody of Lisbon

Libon/Liboa (Ulixbona)

Beja (Bezia)

Tomar (Tamira)

Tavila (Lule)

Alemquer (Lancariensis)


Custody of Evora (later partly constructed out of the custody of Lisbon)

Beja (Bezia)

Tomar (Tamira)

Evora (Elborensis)

Estremoz (Extrimocensis)

Portalegre (Portoalatrensis)


19. Province of Castile

[>Adamuz (S. Francisco de Monte. Ancient hermitage, taken over by the Observants ca. 1433 and enlarged to house 20 friars; > Aguilar del Campo. Deserted by the friars in 1483 and taken over by the Clares of Camesa; > Alcala de Guadaira, in Beatica. Founded by king Ferdinand III of Castille or his son Alfonso of Castille ca. 1250-59. In 1493 there was a Franciscan hermitage at that spot, known as S. Maria degli Angeli; >Alcazar. Wadding mentions it for the year 1430; > Alcocer. Founded in 1384. Bacame Observant in 1498; >Alconcel. Founded in 1499; >Alcor. Founded in 1447]


Custody of Sevilla

Algeciras (Insula Viridis). A small convent or locum known to exist in 1343. Donated by Alfondso XII of Castile and Léon. Pope gave the Franciscan minister general in 1345 permission to accept the convent.

Sevilla (Yspalis)

Cordoba (Corduba)

Iaen (Gehennium)

Xerez (Xericium)

Baeza (Beatia)

Ubeda (Obeta)


Custody of Toledo

Toledo (Toletum)

Talavera (Talavaria)

Gualdalajara (Gualdafaiaria)

Madrid (Maioritus)

Ciudad Real (Villa Regalis)


Custody of Murcia

Albacete (Livetum) Founded before 1343. Became Observant convent in 1487.

Murcia (Murcia)

Cuenca (Conca)

Huerte (Apta)


Custody of Segovia

Arevalo (Arenoli). Founded in 1214. Became Observant in 1417.

Segovia (Segobia)

Avila (Abula)

Medina del Campo (Metina)

Olmedo (Ulmetus)

Collada (Colera)

Ayles (?>Same as Ayles in Soria?) (Locus Aiellaris


Custody of Palencia

Palencia (Palencia)

Valladolid (Vallis Oleti)

Peñafiel (Pena Fidelis)

Carion de las Condes (Carionis)

S. Facundo (S. Facundus)


Custody of Burgos

Burgos (Burgis)

Logroño (Lucronium)

Villorad (Benaforatum)

Castrogeriz (Castris Xericii)

Palenzuela (Palentiola)


Custody of Vitoria

Vitoria (Victoria)

Frias (Frigeus)

Castro de Ordiales (Castris)

Medina de Pomar (Metina de Pomerio)

Miranda (Miranda)

Santander (S. Andericus)


Custody of Soria

Almazán (Almazanus). Founded before 1343. Fallen into decay in 1423. had to be restored. Became Observant in 1468.

Soria (Soria)

Atienza (Atencia)

Ayles (Axillonis)

S. Stevan de Gormes (S. Stephanus)

S. Domingo (S. Dominicus)


20. Province of Aragon

[>Almenara (? founded in 1477);> Alpartir. Friars of Calatayud built a small retreat there, ouside Alpartir. When they left it the Observants took over]


Custody of Barcelona

Barcelona (Barcinona)

Mallorca S. Palma (Maiorcarum)

Menorca S. Ciudadela (Minoricarum)

Gerona (Gerunde)

Castellon de Ampurias (Castilionis)

Vich (Vici)

Ville France (Villafranca)

Iviza (Inche)

Tunis (Tunisii in Terra Saracenorum)


Custody of Lerida

Lerida (Ylerda)

Tarragona (Taracona)

Tortosa (Dertuse)

Montalbam (Mons Albis)

Mosone (Mons Sonus)

Cervera (Servaria)

Tarrega (Taraga)

Morella (Morela)


Custody of Zaragoza

Zaragoza (Cesaraugusta)

Huesca (Fosca/Osca)

Tarazona (Tirazona)

Barbastro (Barvastrum)

Exea (Exea)

Iaca (Iaca)

Boria (Burgia)

Cariñena (Sarayena)


Custody of Majorca (sometimes included in the custody of Barcelona)

Custody of Valencia

Valencia (Valencia)

Xativa (Xativa)

Molina (Mulina)

Calatayud (Calataiubii)

Teruel (Tarolii/Turolium)

Daroca (Daroce)

Murviedro (Murus Vetus)


Custody of Navarre

Pamplona (Papilionis)

Estella (Stella)

Sanguesa (Sangosa)

Tudella (Tutela)

Olite (Oletum)


Custody of Sarania (sometimes included in the custody of Valencia)

Calatayud (Calataiubii)

Daroca (Daroce)

Molina (Mulina)

Teruel (Tarolii/Turolium)


21. Province of Aquitaine

Custody of Toulouse

Toulouse (Tholosa)

Pamiers (Apamiarum)

Samatan (Samartani)

L'Ile Jourdain (Insula)

Rieux (Rivis)

Muret (Murellum)

Mirepoix (Merapisis)

Castelnaudary (Castris Novum)

Lavaur (Vaurum)


Custody of Albi

Albi (Albium). Founded in 1242. First church later turned into a library when new church was built ca. 1275. In 1491, when there were 13 friars, the convent turned to the Observants

Rabastens (Rapistanum)

Lautrec (Lautercium)

Castres (Castris)


Custody of Auch

Auch (Sauxium)

Lectoure (Lectora)

Nogaro (Nugarolium)

Tarbes (Tarbia)

Valéabrère (Vallis Capraria)

Mirande (Miranda)


Custody of Agen

Agen (Aginnensis/Agenum). Founded before 1241. First house rather affluent. In 1291 the house was assaulted by Benedictine monks. Friars were wounded and goods were stolen. In 1336 permission to move to a better site within the town. Changed to the Observant brancge in 1517

Condom (Conomium)

Nérac (Neriacum)

Casteljeloux (Castris Gelosium)

Le Mas d'Agenais (Mansus)

Marmande (Marmanda)

Penne (Penna)


Custody of Rodez

Rodez (Rutena)

Figeac (Figiacum)

Aurillac (Aureliacum)

Villefranche (Villa Franca)

St. Affrique (S. Affricanus)

Amilly (Ameliacum)


Custody of Cahors

Cahors (Caturcum)

Montauban (Mons Albanus)

St. Antoine de Salins (S. Antonius)

Montcuq (Mons Cussi)

Gourdon (Gordonium)

Martel (Martellus)


Custody of Périqueux

Périqueux/Perigueux (Petrogora)

Bergerac (Brageciacum)

Sarlat (Sarlatum)

St. Foy (S. Fides)

Montignac (Montiniacum)

Aubeterre (Alba terra)

Exideuil (Modolium/Exidolium)


Custody of Limoges

Limoges (Lemovicae)

Brive (Buia/Briva)

Donzenac (Doncimac)

Nontron (Nuntidunum)

St. Junien (S. Iunianus)


Custody of Bayonne

Bayonne (Baiona)

Dax (Aquis)

Mont de Marsan (Mons Marciani)

Morlas (Morlavis)

Oloron (Olorum)


Custody of Bordeaux

Bordeaux (Burdegala)

Bazas (Vasacii)

La Réole (Reula)

St. Macaire (S. Macharius)

Rioms (Rinotium)

St. Emilion (S. Emilianus)

Libourne (Liburna)

Lesparre (Sparta)


22. Province of Provence

Custody of Marseille

Marseille (Massilia)

Aix (Aquis)

Draguignam (Draguniacum)

Brignoles (Briononia)

Hyères (Arearum)

Grasse (Grassam (?))

Nice/Nizza (Niceia)


Custody of Arles

Arles (Arelate)

Tarascon (Tarasconem)

Salon (Sellonis)

Manosque (Manuasce)

Reillanne (Relanie)


Custody of Avignon

Avignon (Avinionem)

Orange (Aureacum/Arausiacum)

Valréas (Valeriacum)

Montellier (Montelliorum)

L’Isle-Venaissin (Insula)

Apt (Apte). Founded ca. 1213-1229. In 1387 the friars received permission to accept a house in the town itself. They built there a chapel for their relics to be kept safe in time of war.


Custody of Alais

Alais (Alestum) Founded before 1309. Repeatedly damaged/destroyed through warfare. Rebuilt in 1363 and 1390

Anduze (Andusie). Established before 1267. In bad state in 1373 when indulgences were granted to raise money for restauration

Marvejols (Marologii)

Mende (Mimatis)

St. Chély)

Largentière (Argentarie)

Aubenaz (Albenacii)

Uzès (Usecie)

Bagnols (Balneolis)


Custody of Montpellier

Agde (Agataz/ Agra/Agate) Founded before 1236 (?). Mentioned in testaments of 1255 and 1270

Montpellier (Montispesulani)

Lodève (Lodove)

Florensac (Florentiacum)

Gignac (Giniati)

Ganges (Agarici/Agantici)


Custody of Sisteron

Sisteron (Cistaricum)

Gap (Vapinchi)

Embrun (Ebrudunum)

Riez (Regium)

Digne (Digna)

Forcalquier (Folquiliaquur)

Carpentras (Carpetras)


Custody of Narbonne

Narbonne (Narbona)

Perpignan (Pirpinianum)

Béziers (Bitteris)

Azille (Asila)

Carcassonne (Carcasona)

Limoux (Limosi)

Villefranche (Villa Franca)

Puigcerda (Podium Sardani)


Custody of Nîmes (sometimes seen as part of the custody of Montpellier)

Aigues-Mortes (Aquarum Mortuarum). Founded in 1270.

Nîmes (Nemausum)

Beaucaire (Belicadrum)

Lunel (Lunellum)

Sommières (Sumidrii)



23. Province of Burgundy

[> Ales. House present in 1240]


Custody of Lyon

Lyon (Lugdunum)

Montbrison (Mons Brisonis)

Charlieu (Karilocus)

Villefranche (Villa Franca)

Mâcon (Matiscona)

Bourg (Locus Burgi)


Custody of Dijon

Beaune (Belna)

Dijon (Divio)

Châtillon (Castellio)

Bar sur Aube (Barrum)

Château Villain (Castris Villani)


Custody of Besançon

Gray (Greiacum)

Besançon (Bizuntium)

Salins (Salinum)

Lons le Saunier (Ledo)

Dôle (Locus Dolensis)


Custody of Lausanne

Grandson (Grandiso)

Lausanne (Losana)

Yverdon (Nividunum)

Genève/Genf (Gebenas)

Chambéry (Camberiacum)

Grenoble (Gratianopolis)

Moirans (Morentum)

La Chambre (Locus Camere)


Custody of Vienne

Annonay (Annoniacum). Would already have existed in 1218. Existence attested with certainty in 1264. Also mentioned in 1393

Le Puy (Podium B. Virginis)

Montélimar (Montilium)

Die (Dya)

Chrest (Crista)

Valence (Valencia)

Romans (Romanis)

Vienne (Vienna)


Custody of Auvergne

Seignelay (Silviniacum)

St. Pourcain (S. Porcianus)

Riom (Riomus)

Montferrand (Mons Ferandus)

Clermont (Clarus Mons)

Brioude (Brivata)


24. Province of Touraine

[> Amboise. Founded in 1409. One of a group of houses that was given independence at the Council of Constance in 1415]


Custody of Saintes

Angoulême (Engolisma). Built on land donated shortly before 1230 by Guy V of Rochefoucauld. In 1242 the friars had a small house with a chapel.

Ile d'Oléron (Insula Oleronis)

La Rochelle (Rupella)

St. Jean d'Angely ( S. Joannis)

Saintes (Xantonae)

Compreignac (Compriacum)

Barbezieux (Berbezillum)

Pons (Pontis)


Custody of Bourges

Angers (Andegavis). Founded ca. 1216-1231. Friars moved to new site ca. 1285. House well-reputed but in sad state of repair in 1379

Bourges (Biturcis)

Nevers (Niveris)

Issoudun (Esoldunum)

Châteauroux (Castrum Rodolfi)

Saumur (Salmurum)

Tours (Turonis)

Loches (Lochas)


Custody of Brittany

Nantes (Novetis)

Rennes (Redonis)

Dinan (Dinanum)

Guingamp (Guincampum)

Quimper (Corizopitum)

Vannes (Venetum)

Bourgneuf (Burgum Novum)


Custody of Poitiers

Niort (Niortum)

St. Maixent (S. Maxentius)

Poitiers (Pietavis)

Châtellerault (Castris Eraudi)

Mirabeau (Mirabellum)

Loudun (Losdunum)

Parthenay (Partiniacum)


Custody of Orléans

Orléans (Aurelianum)

Châteaudun (Castrodunum)

Le Mans (Cenomani)

Vendôme (Vendomium)

Blois (Blesis)


25. Province of France

Custody of Paris

Paris (Parisius)

Chartres (Carnotum

Mantes (Meduntam)

Pontoise (Pontisaram)

Meaux (Meldis)

Senlis (Silvanetum)

Etampes (Stampis)


Custody of Champagne

Provins (Pruinum)

Troyes (Trecas)

Sens (Senones)

Auxerre (Altisiodorum)

Vézelay (Visiliacum)

Sézanne (Sesanie)


Custody of Arras

Tournai/Doornik (Tornacum) Established between 1235 and 1248

Valenciennes (Valencenas) Established in 1225/6

Arras/Atrecht (Atrebatum) Established in 1223/4

Lille/Rijssel (Insulas) Established in 1225/6

Lens (Lendium) Established in 1219

Bethune (Bethunium) Established ca. 1258

Douai (Duacum) Established ca 1230

Mons/Bergen (Mons) Established between 1228 and 1238?


Custody of Vermandois

Abbeville (Abbatis Villa), founded in 1239

Amiens (Ambianis). Founded ca. 1232 and enlarged in 1245. Choir and cloister rebuilt in 1345. In 1289 there were probably ca. 34 friars. More building activities in 1393

Beauvais (Beluacum)

St. Quentin (S. Quintinum)

Noyon (Noviomum)

Hesdin (Hirdinum)

Roye (Royum)

Péronne (Peronam)


Custody of Lotharingia

Metz (Metis)

Verdun (Virdunum)

Toul (Tullum)

Neufchâteau (Novum Castrum)


Custody of Flanders

Bruges/Brugge (Burgum) Established in 1225

Gand/Gent (Gandavum) Established in 1225

Yperen/Ypres (Ypriam) Established between 1249 and 1255

Oudenaarden/Audenarde (Altenardum) Established in 1230

St. Omer (S. Odomarum) Established in 1226


Custody of Normandy

Normandie (Normanie)

Rouen (Rotomagum)

Vernon (Vernonam)

Evreux (Hebroicis)

Verneuil (Vernolium)

Faches (Fagium)

Falaise (Falesium)

Séez (Cetenum)

Caen (Cadome)

Bayeux (Baiocis)

Bernay (Bernayo)


Custody of Liège

Liège/Luik (Leodium) Established between 1228 and 1234

Huy/Hoei (Hoyum) Established between 1228 and 1234

Dinant (Dinantum) Established between 1228 and 1232

Namur/Namen (Namurcum) Established between 1224-1226

Nivelles/Nijvel (Nivellam) Established between 1240-1242


Custody of Rheims

Reims (Remis)

Chalons-sur-Marne (Catalanum)

Soissons (Suesionem)

Laon (Laudunum)

Compiègne (Compendium)


26. Province of England

Custody of London

London. Founded in 1224

Canterbury. Founded in 1224

Winchester. Founded in 1237

Romney (Probably only a convent between ca. 1240-1280)

Ware. Founded in 1338 or in 1350

Salisbury. Founded before 1230

Winchelsea. Founded before 1243

Southampton. Founded before 1235

Lewes. Before 1241

Chichester. Founded before 1243

>> Note: Initially Salisbury, Winchelsea, Southampton, Lewes and Chichester belonged to a separate custody of Salisbury.


Custody of York

York. Founded ca. 1230

Lincoln. Founded in or before 1230

Beverly. Founded before 1267

Doncaster. Founded before 1284

Boston. Founded before 1268

Grimsby. Founded before 1240

Scarborough. Founded before 1240


Custody of Cambridge

Cambridge. Founded ca. 1226

Norwich. Founded in 1226

Bury St. Edmunds (Babwell). Founded in 1233 (1257)

King's Lynn. Founded ca. 1230

Yarmouth. Founded before 1271

Ipswich. Founded before 1236

Colchester. Founded before 1237

Dunwich. Founded before 1277.

Walsingham. Founded in 1347


Custody of Bristol

Bristol. Founded before 1230

Gloucester. Founded before 1230

Hereford. Founded before 1228

Carmarthen. Founded before 1284

Cardiff. Founded before 1284

Bridgewater. Founded in 1245

Exeter. Founded before 1240

Dorchester. Founded before 1267

Bodmin. Founded before 1260

[Plymouth. Founded in 1383]


Custody of Oxford

Oxford. Founded in 1224

Bedford. Founded before 1238

Stamford. Founded before 1230

Nottingham. Founded before 1230

Northampton. Founded in 1225

Leicester. Founded before 1230

Grantham. Founded before 1290

Aylesbury. Founded ca. 1380


Custody of Newcastle (From ca.1279-96 onwards largely inserted in the vicariate of Scotland)

Newcastle. Founded before 1237

Richmond. Founded ca. 1257-8

Hartlepool. Founded before 1239

Carlisle. Founded in 1233

Berwick. Founded ca. 1233

Roxburgh. Founded before 1233.

Haddington. Founded before 1242.

Dundee. Founded before 1296

Dumfries. Founded before 1264


Custody of Worcester

Worcester. Founded ca. 1227

Coventry. Founded before 1234

Lichfield. Founded ca. 1237

Stafford. Founded before 1277

Preston. Founded in or before 1260

Shrewsbury. Founded in 1245

Chester. Founded in 1238

Llanfaes. Founded in 1245

Bridgenorth. Founded in 1244

Aside from Romney, which probably only existed for ca. 40 years (attested for the period 1241-1278), there are three other convents which probably only had a short existence: Durham (founded in 1239) and Wluerston (mentioned ca. 1250).



27. Province of Ireland

[> Aran (Inishmore). The Conventuals probably obtained a house there in 1485]

Custody of Dublin

Dublin (Dublinia)

Kildare (Baldaria)

Clane (Clane)

Maynooth (Moytuto)

Desertum (?)

Wexford (Veisefordia)

Wicklow (Vichilo)


Custody of Cashel

Cashel (Cassellum)

Kilkenny (Kilkennia)

Ross (Rosse)

Waterford (Vaterfordia)

Clonmel (Clonmel)

Ioughall (Iochill)


Custody of Cork

Ardfelt/Ardagh (Area Deht/Ardath). Founded ca. 1253 by Fitzmaurice of Kerry. Became Observant in 1517

Cork (Korcagia)

Bandon (?) (Botonia)

Limerick (Limericum)

Timoleague (Tagmolagi)


Custody of Nenagh

Nenagh (Nenath)

Athlone (Athlon)

Clonard (Cloramada)

Clare (Clar)

Galway (Galvus)

Armagh (Arthmacia)

Brefuna/ Blessina>>

Killaloe (Kalleyth)


Custody of Drogheda (or Pontis)

Drogheda (Pontis)

Trim (Trum)

Dundalk (Dundalia)

Multyfarnham (Molitifazna)

Down (Daum)

Clonfert (Gragferge)


28. Province of Dacia

[> Arboga. Swedish house founded in 1285]

Custody of Norway

Marstrand (Mastrant)

Konghelle (Onigellia)

Oslo (Asloia)

Tönsberg (Tunsberi)

Bergen (Bergis)


Custody of Odense

Odense (Othonia)

Svendborg (Sumelburch)

Nyborg (Nustath)


Custody of Lund

Lund (Lundis)

Trelleborg (Treburch)

Ystad (Ustach)


Custody of Linköping

Skara (Scatis)

Linköping (Lincopia)

Falköping (Sarincopia)

Iönköping (Ynnicopia)

Wisby (Visbi)


Custody of Ribe

Ribe/Ripen (Ripis)

Gelting (Calding)

Tondern (Tundir)

Flensburg (Flensburg)

Schleswig (Selesuith)


Custody of Wiborg

Wiborg (Viberich)

Aalborg (Alaburg), founded ca 1250

Randers (Raudrus)

Horsens (Horsius)


Custody of Stockholm

Stokholm (Scotolme)

Arboga (Arbu)

Upsala (Obselia)

Nyköping (Nicopia)

Enköping (Enecopia)


Custody of Roskilde

Roskilde (Rochildis)

Kopenhagen (Haums)

Nevstedt (Nestueth)

Kallundborg (Calsiburch)


29. Province of Cologne

Custody of Cologne

Aachen (Aquisgranum, Aix-la-Chapelle), founded before 1234, but first mentioned in 1246

Köln (Colonia). Friars arrived there in 1221 or 1222. Cf. AF I, 9 & AF II, 28. At first, the friars occupied a spot known as Seyen (Seina, zu Zayn or Sion). Later, the friars built a convent in the St. Severinus parish. They started to build the church of their new convent in 1248. See also W. Lampen, AFH 23 (1930), 467-487.

Bonn (Buna)

Seligenthal (Vallis Felix)

Neuss (Nussia)

Duisburg (Dusbruch)

Cleve (Clivum)

Roermond (Roremunda)


Custody of Trier

Andernach (Andernatum). Founded between ca. 1224 and 1240. Friars received an (additional?) house in 1331.

Trier (Treveris)

Luxemburg (Lucemburch)

Merl (Merla)

Coblenz (Confluencia)

Oberwesel (Visalia)

Limburg (Leporch)

Wetzlar (Veschfraria)


Custody of Westfalia

Dortmund (Tremonia) Founded ca. 1244. Consecration of first church in 1252. Charters mention a minorite convent in 1287 and after. Convent and church under the patronage of Pater and Paul. After city fire of 1297, new church. Another choir consecrated in 1352 or 1357. In 1423 the cloister was big enough to house c. 350 friars for a provincial chapter. More building activities c. 1511-1521. Church and cloister survived reformation. Renovations attested for in the later 18th cent. In 1805 the cloister was dismantled. [cf. Pieper, 34-37]

Soest (Susacum) Probably already reached in or before 1221. Convent established after 1232. [cf. Pieper, 156ff]

Paderborn (Paderburne) Founded ca, 1232 from Hildesheim. Convent itself mentioned in 1245. Patrocinium of John the Baptist. First convent burned down in 1289. Second fire in 1506 [for more information, see Pieper, 148-155]

Höxter (Huxarium) Friars active in Höxter from the 1220s onwards (friar Berthold von Höxter became custos of Saxony in 1232). Real convent built in and after 1248 on the initiative of the Abbot of Corvey Hermann von Dassel.. Consecration of church in 1261. After collapse or destruction, a new church was built in 1281 (maybe old church burnt down in the big fire of 1271, due to war beteen Simon of Paderborn and the Landgraf of Hessen). Thereafer repeated expansion and full integration of convent and chuch in urban religious life, also visible in manifold donations. In 1542, the friars minor handed over the majority of their possessions to the city, and handed church and convent to abbot and chapter of Corvey, due to the religious troubles of the times. [for more information cf. Pieper, 67-69]

Herford (Heruordia) Maybe arrival of first friars in 1223 or 1229. Although presence of friars attested in the 1260s, more secure information concerning a veritable Franciscan establishment dates from final quarter of thirteenth century. Building process of the first cloister probably brought to a conclusion c. 1300. Important new building activities from 1425 onwards (for c. 60 years). In 1530, the last friars handed the cloister over to the town, which had taken the Lutheran creed. Buildings thereafter used for a variety of charitative, religious and other activities [cf. Pieper, 53-56]

Osnabrück (Honabrugge) Friars had a house and chapel probably already in 1233/1238. Probably left this place, as in 1250 bishop Engelbert von Isenburg and the city established there a hospital. Franciscan convent mentioned again in 1263. Convent closed in 1542 [cf. Pieper, 118-121]

Münster (Monasterium) Founded either ca. 1233 from Soest, or ca. 1244 during the second phase of expansion in the German lands. The domus fratrum minorum is found in charters from 1271, so that building had begun earlier. Convent and church under the patrocinium of St. Catherine of Alexandria. [For more information, see Pieper, 104-116


Custody of Holland

Amsterdam. Founded in 1304. Reformed and handed over to the Observants in 1462

Utrecht (Trajectum Inferius) Established ca. 1240

Dordrecht (Dordracum) Establishec in 1250

s'Hertogenbosch (Busciducis) Established between 1228 and 1230

Zierikzee (Cirxe) Established in 1260

Middelburg (Midilburch) Established ca. 1240


Custody of Brabant

Malines s. Mechelen (Machilinia) Established in 1231

Brussel/Bruxelles (Bruxella) Established ca. 1228/1231

Louvain/Leuven (Lovania) Established in 1228

Tienen (Tenis) Established as early as 1226. Definitive buildings from 1266 onwards

Saint Trond/St. Truiden (Sanctus Trudo) Established in 1226-1231

Maastricht (Trajectum super Mosam) Established in 1234

Diest (Deriste) Founded in 1228


Custody of Deventer

Deventer (Daventria) Established ca. 1306

Harderwijk (Herdervike) Established before 1290

Kampen (Campis) Founded ca. 1290

Groningen (Gronignie) Established ca. 1245?

Bolsward (Bodelstuerde) Established between 1260 and 1270

Gross-Faldern (>??) (Falerne)

>Arnhem Founded in 1318


Custody of Hesse (Assia/Assie)

Grünberch (Groneberch)

Marburg (Marpuch)

Fritzlar (Frirdana)

Geismar (Geismaria)

Göttingen (Guething)

Hersfeld (Herfelia)

Fulda (Fulda)


30. Province of Strassburg or Argentina, also known as Upper Germany

Custody of Strassburg/Alsacie

Strassburg (Argentina)

Colmar (Columbaria)

Ruffach (Rubiacum)

Offenburg (Offinburch)

Saarburg (Sarburch)

Hagenau (Agnonia)

Weissenburg (Misimburch)

Breisach (Prisax)


Custody of Basel

Basel (Basilia)

Neuburg am Rhein (Castris Novum)

Freiburg in Brisgovia (Friburgus Inferius)

Thann (Annis)

Mühlhausen (Enshusim/Mishusin)

Solothurn (Solodorum)

Freiburg in der Schweiz (?) (Friburgus Superius)


Custody of Lacum (Bodensee)

Konstanz (Constancia)

Lindau (Lindavia)

Ueberlingen (Vorlinguene)

Villingen (Filinguene)

Schaffhausen (Scafusanie)

Zürich (Zuretum)

Luzern (Lucerna)

Königsfeld (Capus Regis). Founded as a Franciscan-Poor Clare double monastery in 1311. It is a Habsburg foundation, also in commemoration of the violent death of Albrecht I.


Custody of Bavaria

Amberg. Founded in 1305 out of public funds. Abandoned in 1440. In 1452 the buildings were taken over by the Observants.

Regensburg (Ratispona)

Landshut (Lansocha)

München (Monacum)

Augsburg (Augusta)

Ingolstadt (Nicoldast)

Nördlingen (Nordlinga)

Nürnberg (Nerinberch)

Bamberg (Pabenberch)


Custody of Swabia

Würzburg (Herbipolis)

Rothenburg (Rotinburch)

Hall (Lis/Hallis)

Gmünd (Kamundia)

Reutlingen (Ruterlinguene)

Ulm (Hulma)

Esslingen (Oblinga)

Pforzheim (Forsine)

Tübingen (Tuingensis)

Heilbronn (Eilithpii)


Custody of Rhine

Speyer (Spira)

Kaiserslautern (Lutrum)

Worms (Vormacia)

Oppenheim (Opinchene)

Mainz (Maguncia)

Frankfurt (Francivorde)

Friedberg (Friedeberce)

Gelnhausen (Kelinhusin)

Dieburg (Tepurch)

Heidelberg (Heydilberch)


31. Province of Saxony

Custody of Bremen

Bremen (Brema)

Hamburg (Hanburch) Established between 1227 and 1239. Convent known as the Maria-Magdalena Convent

Lüneburch (Luneburch)

Stade (Stadium)

Kiel (Killonis) Established together with the newly founded town of Kiel, ca. 1232. Substantial buildings from ca. 1245 onwards. Church under the patrocinium of the Virgin Mary until 1562.


Custody of Halberstadt

Halberstadt (Alberstath) Founded in 1223. Serious building of a substantial convent after 1246. In 1282 large convent with church (funded by the son of Count Henry of Reinstein)

Braunschweig (Brunsuich)

Hildesheim (Heldensis)

Hannover (Honouer)

Quedlinburg (Quedelinburch)


Custody of Magdeburg

Magdeburg (Maydiburg)

Halle (Hallis) Foundation dates range from ca. 1224-6 to 1240. Church built ca. 1255

Aschersleben (Ascaria)

Wittenberg (Vilimburch)

Barby (Barebi)

Baruth (Borith)

Zerbst (Seruist)


Custody of Lübeck

Lübecj (Lubech)

Rostok (Rostoch)

Wismar (Vismar)

Riga (Riga)

Stralsund (Fundis/Locus Sundis)

Parchim (Parchem ?)

Graifswald (Gripesuald)

Schwerin (Verine)


Custody of Stettin

Andria. Founded ca. 1230, but enlarged in 1346. Was reformed after 1451

Angermünde (Angermuende). Founded between ca. 1270-1299. Became Observant convent in or after 1438

Stetin (Stetin)

Prenzlau (Premisclaue)

Neubrandenburg (Novabrandeborch)

Pyritz (Piris)

Greifenberg (Grifenberch)

Dramburg (Trauenburch)


Custody of Leipzig

Altenburg (Aldenburch). Founded between 1228 and 1238. Became Observant in 1493

Leipzig (Lipske)

Eger (Egra)

Zeitz (Ceitz)

Hof (Curia)

Weida (Uida)

Zwickau (Suicania)

Visenuelke (Weissenfels)

Altenburg (Aldenburch)


Custody of Meissen

Meissen (Misna)

Freiberg (Vrisburch)

Dresden (Dresenden)

Cottbus (Codebus)

Oschatz (Osses)

Torgau (Corecton)

Seuselitz (Suselis)


Custody of Goldberg

Goldberg (Goldibench/Aureus Mons)

Görlitz (Gorlis)

Bautzen (Budesin)

Mücka (Ycauia)

Sorau (Sarovia)

Dresna (Transne)

Löwenberg (Leuenberit)

Lauban (Lubaraitz)

Liegnitz (Legenis)

Sagan (Aganum)


Custody of Prussia

Braunsberg (Brunsberch)

Neustadt (Nova Covitas)

Culm (Culmen)

Thorn (Toorun)


Custody of Breslau

Breslau (Fratislavia)

Schweidnitz (Suidnes)

Neumarkt (Novum Forum)

Namslau (Nansclavia)

Strehlen (Stralin)

Neisse (Nisza)

Brieg (Brega)

Münsterberg (Munstiberium)


Custody of Brandenburg

Berlin (Berlinus) Established 1249

Stendal (Stenidal) Founded before 1264

Frankfurt a. O. (Vrankenuorde) Founded ca. 1269

Kyritz (Kiris) Founded before 1343

Salzwedel (Saltveldie) Established before 1261

Altbrandenburg (Antiqua Brandenburch) Established before 1226

Gransee (Gransoi) Established ca. 1270

Löbau (Bobavia/Lobavia)

Prope Brandenbureg (Locus S. Helysabeth)


Custody of Thuringia

Erfurt (Helfordia)

Mühlhausen (Molusin)

Nordhausen (Nortusin)

Eisenach (Ysenath)

Arnstadt (Arustude)

Meiningen (Meynege)

Coburg (Chouburch)

Saalfeld (Aluel)


32. Province of Austria

Custody of Vienna

Wien (Viena)

Wiener Neustadt (Nova Civitas)

Hainburch (Haynburgus)

Feldsberg (Velsperch)

Zistersdorf (Cistensterch)


Custody of Styria

Graz (Greze)

Iudenburg (Iundeburga)

Bruck (Pruca)

Wolfsberg (Wolfspech)


Custody of Ens

Linz (Linza)

Ens (Anasus)

Wels (Velsa)

Panna (?)/Locus de Pamia (?)


Custody of Villach

Villach (Filacum)

Bozen (Bozarium)


Custody of Danube

Stein (Stayn)

Tulln (Tulla)

Laa (La)

Dürnstein (Nerenstan)


Custody of Marches/Windischmark

Pettau (Petovia)

Marburg (Marburga)

Cilli (Cilia)

Laibach (Laybacum)


33. Province of Bohemia

Custody of Oppeln

Oppeln (Opol)

Beuthen (Boon)

Oberglogau (Glogavia)

Loslau (Vladislavia)


Custody of Prague

Prag/Praha> The convents of St. Jacob and S. Francis

Mladá Boleslav/Iung Bunzlau (Bolesclavia)

Neuhaus/Iindrichuv Hradec (Nova Domus)

Bechin/Bechyne (Becchina)

Beneschau/Benesov (Benesau)


Custody of Moravia

Olmütz/Holomouce (Olomuz)

Brno/Brünn (Bruna)

Troppau/Oppava (Opavia)

Znojo/Znaim (Znoima)

Iihlava/Iglau (Yglavia)

Uncov/Märisch Neustadt (Nova Civitas)

Krnov/Iägerndorf (Carnouia)


Custody of Gnesen

Gniezno/Gnesen (Gnesa)

Gross Glocau (Glegavia)

Wloclawek (?) (Cuiavia)

Radziejów (Radieyou)

Pyzdry (Pisdra)

Kalisz (Kalis)

Obornik (Obordualde)

Szrem/Schrimm (Secretum/Sremum)


Custody of Gratz

Königgratz/Králové Hradec (Grez)

Cáslav/Czaslau (Slavia)

Glatz (Glaz)

Myto Vysoké/Hohenmauth (Muta)

Bydzov-Novy/Neu-Bischow (Bidzovia)


Custody of Cracow

Kraków (Cracovia)

Zawichost (Zavicost)

Korczin (Corchin)

Stary Sacz (Sandeze Vetus)

Lelów (Lelovia)

Radomsk (Radomisce)


Custody of Leitmeritz

Leitmeritz/Litomerice (Lutomoris)

Most/Brüx (Pons)

Zatec/Saatz (Zatheze)

Stribro/Mies (Miesa)

Plzen/Pilsen (Pilisna)

Kadan/Kaden (Cadanum)

Tynice/Elbe-Teinitz (Tinetz)


34. Province of Hungary

Custody of Györ

Gyor/Raab (Iaurinum)

Pozsony/Pressburg (Posonium)

Soprony/Oedenburg (Supronium)

Léka (Leuca)


Custody of Zagreb

Zabreb (Agrabia/Agra)

Verovitica (Vereuca)

Gurbonak (Gurbonich)

Nasice (Nerthem)

Pozega (Locus de Posega)

Kostajnica (Locus Constannice)


Custody of Syrmia

Bács (Bachinum)

Ilok (Vyilach)

Mitrovica (Ad S. Demetrius)

Indija (Ench)

Mangyalos (Francavilla)

Zemun/Semlin (Zemlinium)

Rednik (Reduith)

Banostor (Monasterium Banum in Metis Grecie/ Bani)

Ireg (Ad S. Yreneus)

Todua/Tordinci (Rodua)


Custody of Esztergom

Esztergom/Gran (Strigonium)

Nyitra/Neutra (Nitria)

Nagy Szombath/Tyrnau (Tirnauia)

Trencsén (Trinchinium)

Okolicsna (Lypsa)

Szécseny (Seccze)


Custody of Pécs or Quinque Ecclesiae

Pécs/Fünfkirchen (Quinque Ecclesiae)

Zegüsd (Zezusdinum)Szemenye (Scemenya)

Varazdin (Varasdinum)

Koprivnica (Caprunca)

Ludbreg (Locus Lobrigi)

Falkos (Locus Falkas)


Custody of Eger

Eger/Erlau (Agria)

Sáros-Patak (Potoca)

Nagy Várad/Grosswardein (Varadinum)

Szepesvár (Ceps Superius)

Szepesváralja (Ceps Inferius)

Szathmár (Zathmar)


Custody of Transilvania or Transmarina

Besterecze/Bistriz (Bestercea)

Nagy Szeben/Hermannstadt (Cemenium/Cibinium)

Kolosvár/Klausenburg (Varasinum)

Marosvásárhely (Clicum (Siculorum) Forum in Metis Tatarie)


Custody of Alba

Budapest (Buda) Three or four different convents?

Székes-Fehérvár/Stuhlweissenburg (Alba Regalis)

Szegedin (Zegedinum)


Vicariate of Sardinia

Iglesias (Villa Ecclesiarum)

Alghero (Algerium). Founded ca. 1316-35.

Cagliari (Castris Castri)

Orestano (Arestanum)

Sassari (Xassarum)


Vicariate of Corsica

San Bonifacio (Locus Bonifacii)

Calvi (Locus Calvii)

Nonza (Locus Nuncie)

Bigoglia (Locus Bibuglie)

Avenzolasca (Locus Avenzolasche)

Alesano (Locus Alisani). Mentioned in 1260. Moved in 1354. later became Observant

Aligano. Founded before 1482

Aragnano, Founded in 1456

Ornano (Locus Ernani)

Montesaro in Sardegna (Locus Montis Rasi)


Vicariate of Scotland

Predominantly created out of the custody of Newcastle. It contained the houses Berwick (Bervici), Haddington (Aditonia), Roxburgh (Rexburgia), Dumfries (Dufrenis), Dundee (Donum Dei), and addition of Lanark (Lamargum), founded in 1238-9. After some quarrels and negociations about the status of the Scotish friaries, it was established as a vicariate between 1279 (letter of pope Nicholas III, BF, III, p. 381) and 1296. This vicariate became totally independent from the English province in 1329. Towards the end of the fifteenth century Scotland appears as a Franciscan province (See Little, 222-223).


Vicariate of Bosnia

Custody of Dulma

Ston (Locus Stagni)

Castelnuovo (Castris Novum)

Imotzki (Locus Ilmote)

Cetinje in Croatia (Locus Cetine)

Glamoc (Locus de Glamozh)


Custody of Greben

Krbava (Locus Corbavie)

Krupa (Locus Crupe)

Greben (Locus de Greben)

Glaz (Locus de Glas)

Otok (Locus de Otoch)

Podnovi (Locus S. Katharine Podnovi)


Custody of Bosna

Sutjeska (Locus Curie Bani)

Visoko (Locus S. Nicolai)

Lasva (Locus Lascioue)

Olovo (Locus Plumbi)


Custody of Usora

Djacovo (Locus de Diaco)

Modrica (Locus S. Helye)

Vrbica (Locus Verbice)

Skakava (Locus Schacoue)

Lindva (Locus Lindue)

Bukovica (Locus Buchovice)


Custody of Macva

Alsan (Alsan). Founded before 1343. Later, after 1434 Obs. and then put in the province of Hungary

Biblina (Locus de Biblina)

Locus de Lab

Maçva (Locus Mazue)

Locus S. Marie in Campo

Tosack/Toçak (Locus Coscick)

Vrh Krupa (Locus Verthocrup)

Srebernica (Locus de Sreberniza)


Custody of Bulgaria

Szöreny (Locus de Severino)

Orsova (Locus Orsiane circa Portam Ferream)

Karánsebes (Locus Sebes)

Ceri-cerevic (Locus Srim)

Kövesd (Locus Chevesdi)


Custody of Kovin

Armenes (Locus Armenes)

Keve/Kovin (Locus Covini)

Hram (Locus de Chrani)


Vicariate of Aquilonis (Tartaria Aquilonaris)

Caffa (Cafa)> Two small convents (loca)

Temruk/Matreca (Maieria)> Two small convents (loca)

Sodaya (Sudak, Soldaia)

Surgat/Krim (Sulcata)

Kertsch/Carassu (Barasson)

Maurolaco/Akjerman (Maurum Castris/Aspromilum (?)).Ca. 1320-30 (Golubovich, II, 72)

Lusta (Vicena/Ilicena)

Balaclawa/Cembalò (Cimbulum)

Asow (Tana)

Zarew (Saray)



S. Johannis

Duo loca in regno Vierie (Georgiae)

At a certain moment - before Bartholomaus of Pisa produced his list of convents, custodies and provinces - the remaining sedentary and mobile convents/missionary outposts were divided among two custodies, namely the Custody of Gazaria (with seven loca: Duo de Capha (S. Franciscus & S. Maria), Soldaia, Cymbalum, Illica, Solcath, Carassus) and the Custody of Saray (Thanum, Argitarcan, Saray, Comuch, Tharcha, Mamuccum, Mager, Ugueth, Aesaray, Organis)


Vicariate of Russia

Lwów/Lemberg (Lemburga)

Gródek (Grodech)

Kolomea (Colomia)

Halcicz (Galciff)

Sniatyn (Nostin)

Horyniec (Cusminen)

Seret (Cereth)

Moldawitza (Moldavia)

Kamieniec (Caminix)

Czernowitz/Czerniowce (Scotorix/Senatorix)

Chotin (Cotcham)


Bialy Gród (Castris Album)


Vicariate of the Orient

Fixed and mobile missionary outposts [See also Bartholomaeus of Pisa!!]

Custody of Constantinople

Pera (Pera)

Salonichi (Thesalonica)


Fogia Nova



Custody of Trabesond

Trabasun/Trabesond (Trapesundus)

Sinope (Synopium)

Samsun/Amisus (Symesso)


Custody of Tabris


Tabris (Taurus/In Tarvisio)>two loca

Erzerum/ (?) (Arzelonum)

Tiflis (?) (Caleficium/Tefelicium)

Kars (?) (Carpus)

Pisavith (?)

Congorlauum (?)

Armalek (Caraclesia)

>Achalzych. House mentioned by Bartholomew of Pisa ca. 1385


Vicariate of Tartaria or Cathay

Four loca: two in Peking (Cambalù) and two in Zayton









[?> Angra. Convent in the Azores, founded ca. 1400 [which province/custody?]

[?>Aracha (Aracsa). Hungary. Founded before 1378 [which province/custody?]




Directiones et aliae Indicationes Domorum Ordinis Fratrum Minorum (Quaracchi, 1956).

R.A. Huber, A Documented History of the Franciscan Order, 1182-1517 (Milwaukee, 1944).

F. de Sessevalle, Histoire générale de l'Ordre de S. François, I (Paris, 1935).